The COAG Energy Council is supported by three key market bodies:
- The Australian Energy Market Commission develops the rules by which the market must operate.
- The Australian Energy Market Operator handles the day-to-day operations of the electricity and gas markets.
- The Australian Energy Regulator enforces the national electricity market rules and makes judgements on the regulatory proposals of monopoly network operators.
The Council is also supported by Energy Consumers Australia who is the national voice for residential and small business energy consumers.